Boundary Commission

Established under Article 12 of the *Anglo Irish Treaty of 1921, this body was to adjust the boundary between the Irish Free State and Northern Ireland “in accordance with the wishes of the inhabitants.” The commission finally met in November 1924. A year later, a summary of the commission’s final report was leaked to the Morning Post, a British conservative paper. It stated that the Free State was to receive parts of Fermanagh and South Armagh but would lose a section of East Donegal. This caused considerable embarrassment for the Free State government, which had expected to acquire two northern counties without the loss of any territory. *W.T. Cosgrave, leader of the Free State, concerned about these implications on the political stability of the island, persuaded the British government to suppress the report (only released in 1968) and the border remained unchanged. Additionally, the Free State was also released from some of the financial commitments contained in the treaty.