Official name for the twenty-six county state that came into existence on December 6, 1922, one year after the signing of the *Anglo Irish Treaty. Under the treaty, the state was to be a member of the Commonwealth of Nations, with dominion status equal to that of Canada. The British Monarch was to be represented...Read more
Category Archives: Notes
Notes provided for students.
Established under Article 12 of the *Anglo Irish Treaty of 1921, this body was to adjust the boundary between the Irish Free State and Northern Ireland “in accordance with the wishes of the inhabitants.” The commission finally met in November 1924. A year later, a summary of the commission’s final report was leaked to the...Read more
Campaign of guerrilla warfare against the British army and *RIC by the *Irish Republican Army (IRA), also known as the War of Independence. On 21 January, 1919, 27 (out of the 73), Sein Féin MPs who were not in jail or on the run formed an Irish parliament, *Dáil Éireann, and declared the formation of an...Read more
Agreement ending the *War of Independence.In a meeting on July 8, 1921, *de Valera and General Macready, the commander in chief of British forces in Ireland, agreed to end the Anglo Irish War. The truce came into effect on Monday July 11, 1921. *De Valera arrived in London the following day to meet with the...
Agrarian protest organization that agitated for land reform during the Land War of 1879-82. The economic crisis of 1878-79 threatened Ireland’s rural population with a disaster comparable to the Great Famine. Following successful mass meetings at Irishtown and Westport, County Mayo, in April and June, the Irish National Land League was formed in Dublin, on...Read more
Constitutional political movement in the second half of the nineteenth century, aimed at establishing an Irish parliament. The concept was that the Home Rule parliament would legislate on domestic issues, while imperial matters such as finance, taxation and foreign policy would remain under the control of Westminster. The Home Rule movement was founded by *Isaac Butt,...Read more
RENAISSANCE = Rebirth of Ancient Roman ideas. Began in Florence in Italy. Why did the Renaissance begin in Italy?Read more
- The ruins scattered throughout Italy reminded Italians of the great achievements of the ancient Romans. They wanted to follow this example.
- Italy had large and rich towns and the rulers and merchants were willing to spend their money ...
THE MIDDLE AGES LIES BETWEEN ANCIENT TIMES AND MODERN TIMES. HISTORIANS USE THE WORD MEDIEVAL. OUTSIDERS BROUGHT NEW IDEAS TO IRELAND.Read more
- VIKINGS. Came from Scandinavia by long boats. Pirates who raided Irish monasteries and stole treasures. Traders who set up towns in Ireland - Dublin.
- NORMANS. Came from Normandy in France. Took over from the Vikings. Set up the medieval way of life in Ireland (Feudalism)
The Feudal SystemSystem of hierarchy. King ...
HISTORY is the study of the past(since the invention of writing). A HISTORIAN is a person who studies the past. ARCHAEOLOGY is the study of the Prehistoric past. AN ARCHAEOLOGIST is a person who studies the Prehistoric past. PRE-HISTORY is before people learnt to write. SOURCES are clues which the historian uses as evidence to the past. PRIMARY SOURCES are evidence ...Read more
Pre-revolution In the eighteenth century, country people still made their own clothes at home, just as they had for thousands of years. By the 1760s, people were living in the cities and they began to buy their cloth from the country dwellers. This was known as the domestic system, where country people wove ...Read more