Category Archives: Notes

Notes provided for students.

Irish Free State (Saorstát na hÉireann)

Official name for the twenty-six county state that came into existence on December 6, 1922, one year after the signing of the *Anglo Irish Treaty. Under the treaty, the state was to be a member of the Commonwealth of Nations, with dominion status equal to that of Canada. The British Monarch was to be represented...
Read more

Boundary Commission

Established under Article 12 of the *Anglo Irish Treaty of 1921, this body was to adjust the boundary between the Irish Free State and Northern Ireland “in accordance with the wishes of the inhabitants.” The commission finally met in November 1924. A year later, a summary of the commission’s final report was leaked to the...
Read more

Anglo Irish War, The (January 1919-July 1921)

Campaign of guerrilla warfare against the British army and *RIC by the *Irish Republican Army (IRA), also known as the War of Independence. On 21 January, 1919, 27 (out of the 73), Sein Féin MPs who were not in jail or on the run formed an Irish parliament, *Dáil Éireann, and declared the formation of an...
Read more

Anglo-Irish Treaty (1921)

Agreement ending the *War of Independence.

  In a meeting on July 8, 1921, *de Valera and General Macready, the commander in chief of British forces in Ireland, agreed to end the Anglo Irish War. The truce came into effect on Monday July 11, 1921. *De Valera arrived in London the following day to meet with the...
Read more

The Land League

Agrarian protest organization that agitated for land reform during the Land War of 1879-82. The economic crisis of 1878-79 threatened Ireland’s rural population with a disaster comparable to the Great Famine. Following successful mass meetings at Irishtown and Westport, County Mayo, in April and June, the Irish National Land League was formed in Dublin, on...
Read more

Home Rule

Constitutional political movement in the second half of the nineteenth century, aimed at establishing an Irish parliament. The concept was that the Home Rule parliament would legislate on domestic issues, while imperial matters such as finance, taxation and foreign policy would remain under the control of Westminster. The Home Rule movement was founded by *Isaac Butt,...
Read more

THE RENAISSANCE

RENAISSANCE  =  Rebirth  of  Ancient  Roman  ideas. Began  in  Florence  in  Italy.   Why  did  the  Renaissance  begin  in  Italy?
  1. The  ruins  scattered  throughout  Italy  reminded  Italians  of  the  great  achievements  of  the  ancient  Romans.  They  wanted  to  follow  this  example.
  2. Italy  had  large  and  rich  towns  and  the  rulers  and  merchants  were willing   to  spend  their  money ...
Read more

THE MIDDLE AGES

THE  MIDDLE  AGES  LIES  BETWEEN  ANCIENT  TIMES  AND  MODERN  TIMES.  HISTORIANS  USE  THE  WORD MEDIEVAL. OUTSIDERS  BROUGHT  NEW  IDEAS  TO  IRELAND.
  1. VIKINGS. Came  from  Scandinavia  by  long  boats. Pirates  who  raided  Irish  monasteries and  stole  treasures. Traders who  set  up  towns  in  Ireland -  Dublin.
  2. NORMANS. Came  from  Normandy  in  France. Took  over  from  the  Vikings. Set  up  the  medieval  way  of  life  in  Ireland (Feudalism)
 

The  Feudal  System

System  of  hierarchy. King ...
Read more

THE JOB OF THE HISTORIAN

HISTORY  is  the  study  of  the  past(since the invention of writing). A  HISTORIAN  is  a  person  who  studies  the  past. ARCHAEOLOGY   is  the  study  of  the  Prehistoric  past. AN  ARCHAEOLOGIST  is  a  person  who  studies  the  Prehistoric  past. PRE-HISTORY  is  before  people  learnt  to  write. SOURCES  are  clues  which  the  historian  uses  as  evidence  to  the  past. PRIMARY  SOURCES  are  evidence ...
Read more

THE INDUSTRIAL REVOLUTION

Pre-revolution In  the  eighteenth  century,  country  people  still  made  their  own  clothes  at  home,  just  as  they  had  for  thousands  of  years.  By  the  1760s,  people  were  living  in the  cities  and  they  began  to  buy  their  cloth  from  the  country  dwellers.  This was  known  as  the  domestic  system,  where  country  people  wove ...
Read more