by Jason Lynch
A floodplain is an area next to a river, steam or creek that may be covered with water following heavy rainstorms. This plain holds the excess water allowing it to be slowly released into the river system and seep into ground water aquifers. Floodplains also give time for sediment to settle out of flood waters, thereby keeping it out of water bodies. Floodplains often support important wild life habitat and are frequently used by humans as recreation areas. The 100 year flood plain is the land that will be covered with water during a 100 year storm and is the accepted limit for protection.