The Junior Certificate
The Junior Certificate examination is held at the end of the Junior Cycle in post-primary schools. The Junior Cycle caters for students in the 13 to 15 year old age group. Students normally sit for the examinations at the age of 14 or 15, after 3 years of post-primary education.
However, candidature for the examination is not limited to post-primary school students. A candidate following an approved course of study outside the State or who is attending an approved course of study organised under the Vocational Training Opportunities Scheme , Adult Literacy and Community Education Schemes, the Department of Social and Family Affairs second-level scheme for the unemployed or an analogous scheme, may be admitted to the examinations on payment of the appropriate fee.
The examination is offered in the following subjects and levels. For curriculum information for each of these subjects please click on this link to the website of the Department of Education and Science.
|Irish||Higher, Ordinary and Foundation|
|English||Higher, Ordinary and Foundation|
|Mathematics||Higher, Ordinary and Foundation|
|History||Higher and Ordinary|
|Geography||Higher and Ordinary|
|French||Higher and Ordinary|
|German||Higher and Ordinary|
|Spanish||Higher and Ordinary|
|Italian||Higher and Ordinary|
|Art, Craft & Design||Higher and Ordinary|
|Music||Higher and Ordinary|
|Science||Higher and Ordinary|
|Science (with Local Studies)||Higher and Ordinary|
|Home Economics||Higher and Ordinary|
|Materials Technology (Wood)||Higher and Ordinary|
|Metalwork||Higher and Ordinary|
|Technical Graphics||Higher and Ordinary|
|Business Studies||Higher and Ordinary|
|Typewriting||Higher and Ordinary|
|Environmental and Social Studies (ESS)||Higher and Ordinary|
|Technology||Higher and Ordinary|
|Latin||Higher and Ordinary|
|Ancient Greek||Higher and Ordinary|
|Classical Studies||Higher and Ordinary|
|Hebrew Studies||Higher and Ordinary|
|Religious Education||Higher and Ordinary|
|Civic, Social and Political Education (CSPE)||Common|
Other EU Language Subjects
Examinations in a number of other EU language subjects are also offered on a non-curricular basis and subject to candidates meeting certain criteria.
Please click here for further information.
Candidates may not take any of following subject combinations :
- Classical Studies and Latin
- Classical Studies and Greek
Composition of the Examination
The examination incorporates written tests in all subjects except Art, Craft and Design. There are optional oral examinations in the subjects Irish, French, German, Italian and Spanish. There are practical examinations in Art, Craft and Design; Music; Home Economics Metalwork (Higher Level only). There is Practical Course Work in Art, Craft and Design; Materials technology (Wood); Home Economics; Religious Education; Metalwork; Environmental and Social Studies and Civic, Social and Political Education, Technology and Science.
Results of the Junior Certificate examination subjects are given in the form of grades. Each grade represents a percentage range of marks as follows.
|85 or over||A|
|70 but less than 85||B|
|55 but less than 70||C|
|40 but less than 55||D|
|25 but less than 40||E|
|10 but less than 25||F|
|Less than 10||No Grade|
Information taken from examinations.ie